What is Essential Repeat in CBSE Board Exam Result 2024?

In 2020, CBSE declared the result of Class 12 and Class 10 Board Exam with a significant change. An interesting step taken by CBSE was that they used the term “Essential Repeat” in the result of both classes. We will discuss in this post, what is Essential Repeat in CBSE Board Exam Result? 

What is Essential Repeat? 

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) used the term “Essential Repeat” in the result of Class 10 and Class 12 Board Exams for the first time in 2020. CBSE used it to replace the dreaded “Fail” from the result. It decided to abandon the use of this “Fail” terminology which creates unnecessary panic in the minds of students. Also Read: How to Prepare Physics for Class 12 Board Exam?


According to CBSE, “Fail” word in the result of Board Exam, is highly demotivating for students. Hence, the board has decided to do away with this term. And it will now use “Essential Repeat” replacing “Fail” in the result.  


Difference between Fail and Essential Repeat 

CBSE has used “Essential Repeat” to replace “Fail”. Hence, there is not much difference between the two terminologies. It is just that the board is not saying directly to a student that he has failed in the board examination. If a student in Class 12 with 5 main subjects fails in 2 or more subjects, his result bears “Essential Repeat”.  Also Read: How to Prepare Chemistry for Class 12 Board Exam?


CBSE Class 10 students who have not secured passing marks in 3 subjects or more would see Essential Repeat in their result. Essentially, it means that a student has not secured passing marks in minimum subjects required to appear in compartment or supplementary exam 2024 or apply under compartment category next year.




The next step?


If your result bears "Essential Repeat", it simply means that you need to appear again in all subjects in 2025 -- irrespective of whether you have passed in the theory of one or two subjects or not.


If you have passed in practical exam in CBSE Board Exam 2024 and just failed in theory, your practical marks will be carried forward and you don't need to appear in practical exam again in 2025

You can appear in board exam next year either as a private candidate or as a regular candidate. A private candidate does not need to do schooling and he needs to submit his application form himself for appearing in board exam. You are not required to do any fresh registration anywhere. Application form for private candidates is released online on the official website of CBSE.


Whenever board will release application form for CBSE Private candidate 2025, we will update you on our YouTube Channel -- Exams Hub, so join it today itself. You can message us on Instagram (@examshub) or on our Telegram Channel (@ExamsHub)


  1. Sir pls give a chance who has got essential repeat in 12 class because my child also has given only 2 papers and got marks 1st is 33 (accounts) and 2nd 45(economics) by chance and cbse declaired result is essential repeat sir how it can be possible only behaf 2 papers cbse say fail. sir pls she is the best in her school in english and can prove if you give a chance and you failed her. so pls think about re exam with compartment exam for all those students (ER)

  2. state govt aap with cbse ko sochna chayie ki jin commerce students ke corona ki vjh se sirf 2 paper(accounts ,economics) hue hai baki 3 paper hue hi nhi hai sirf 2 papers ke number dekhte hue jbki unme unke passing marks bhi h phr bhi unko (essention repeat) mtlb fail kyo kiya ye galat hua hai unke sath unka 1 saal kharab hota hai essy bacche mindly disturb ho rahe hai socide tk bhi soch sakte h uska jimmedar kaun hoga essey students ko pls sir ek chance to de compt ke papers ke sath

  3. Please sir give students one chance because of this pandemic everything messed up and they didnt got the opportunity.......

  4. Do we need to give practicals again next year

    1. No, Practical marks would be carried forward


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