Sunday, 10 July 2016

How to prepare Physics for Class 12 Board Exam?



Physics is a very important subject for both board exams and various competitive exams. Securing good marks in Physics along with other subjects can almost guarantee you higher percentage in the board exams as well as good rank in different competitive entrance exams. Students who are weaker in Mathematics often find Physics difficult too. Over the last few years, number of students failing in Physics in class 12 board exams has increased. How to prepare Physics for class 12 board exam? What are the important topics? Which book a student should read? Let us answer these questions one by one.

Why Physics is important?
Absolutely, Physics is a very interesting subject if you are good in it. But, it can be disastrous, if you are weaker in this subject. Few years back, CBSE changed the pattern of question paper a little bit to test the concepts of students. Hence, your basic concepts should be clear to obtain good marks in it. Poor marks in Physics can ruin your dreams of getting good percentage in the class 12 board exam.


It is a very important subject because, in addition to board exams, you need good marks in it to qualify in various competitive exams too. Because of weaker Mathematics background, students preparing for medical exams like NEET and AIIMS, often find Physics troublesome. In NEET, 25 percent of the questions are asked from it. And, a bad performance in it can spoil your dream of becoming doctor. Similarly, in JEE Mains and Advanced too, you must perform well in Physics to get desired higher rank.

Marks Distribution and Question Pattern
Marks distribution from various units and chapters of Physics has been mentioned below.               
          Units/Chapters
Marks
Electrostatics
08
Current and Electricity
07
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
08
EMI and AC
08
EM Waves
03
Optics
14
Dual Nature of Matter
04
Atoms and Nuclei
06
Electronic Devices
07
Communication Systems
05
                         TOTAL
70

Looking at the above mentioned marks distribution you can easily sort out the important units which can fetch you greater marks. About 20 percent questions will test HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) of students. In order to secure over 90 marks, these questions will play vital role.


What are the Important Topics?
A student who wants to secure more than 90 marks must give all topics equal importance. But, if you are weaker in Physics and want to just obtain passing marks, then these important topics become crucial and they should be read first. We have prepared a list of important topics in another post- “How to Pass in Physics in CBSEClass 12 Board Exam?” These topics are important as questions from these have been asked frequently over the past few years.

Which book should be read for preparing Physics?
NCERT is the most valuable and important book, not only for the class 12 board exam, but also for the various competitive exams like JEE (Mains and Advanced), NEET, AIIMS, etc. Many students find Physics difficult to study through NCERT. In that scenario, you should take help of reference or side-books. But, always study only those topics, which are in NCERT. Reading extra stuffs will only kill your precious time. Apart from NCERT, you can take help of following books-
(a) Objective Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 by DC Pandey (For NEET)
(b)  Xam idea
(c)  HC Verma

How to Prepare Physics for Class 12 Board Exam?
1)    Avoid Physics-Phobia: Many students who are not so good in Mathematics think that it is their destiny to be weaker in Physics too. This negative thinking should be avoided as it becomes biggest hurdle in their path of success.

2)    Physics is not Mathematics: You may be weaker in Mathematics, but, it cannot stop you from succeeding in Physics. Yes, it is a fact that you need some calculation skills to excel in it. But, in addition to it, you need to learn other stuffs too. For example- some topics from Optics, Modern Physics including Electronics (Semiconductor) hardly require higher mathematical skills from you. You can perform well in those units.

3)    Take interest in Physics: Unless you take interest in it, you will not succeed even after doing lots of hard work.

4)    Physics is not limited to Numericals: Many students avoid Physics thinking that it is loaded with numericals. To a certain extent, they are right. Numerical problems are in almost every chapter of Physics. But, in class 12 CBSE board exam, you will be asked numericals of only 15 marks. So, don’t waste your time in just solving numerical. If you find it tough, leave this section and proceed ahead, prepare other sections. Study theoretical portions properly.

5)    Learn all Formulas thoroughly. Revise them regularly. Try to solve 5-10 numerical problems based on learned chapters daily. Consult your teachers and friends for any help. You can also participate in group discussion.

6)    For class 12 CBSE, ICSE and other state board exams, Modern Physics is very important. Students who are weaker in Mathematics must prepare these chapters like “Electronics”, “Dual Nature of Radiation” and “Atom and Nuclei” properly as they do not require mathematical skills much. These chapters are equally important for competitive exams too.

7)    Optics” is a very important unit for board exams. In CBSE class 12 board exam, it carries 14 marks. Never neglect this unit. Chapters like “Electrostatics”, “Current and Electricity”, “Magnetism” and “EMI and AC” should be prepared from the very beginning of the academic session.

8)    Study Physics regularly: While preparing Physics, it should not be like that you learn a chapter today then leave the subject unattended for the next 2 to 3 days. Instead, after learning a chapter, practice different types of numerical from it. At least an hour of regular self-study is must for the better preparation of Physics.

9)    All your preparation should revolve around NCERT. Whether, you are preparing for board exams (CBSE, ICSE or others) or competitive exams, NCERT book is vital. Lots of direct questions are asked from it even in various entrance exams. You can take help of side-books too. But, try to cover all NCERT topics, if you want to get 90 plus marks.

10)  Go through previous 5 to 10 years question papers. You will get an idea about the question pattern and it will also help you in shortlisting important questions. Solving sample papers, even weekly, will boost your preparation tremendously.

11)  Revision is probably one of the most crucial steps to get good result. Keep revising learned chapters and formulas to avoid forgetting them. It will help you significantly.

12)  Don’t wait for tomorrow: Start your preparation from today itself. Try to complete your syllabus till December. So that, from January onwards, you just need to revise learned chapters and solve sample papers. You must look to avoid last month preparation.

If you will run away from Physics, difficulties will continue to chase you. You just need to ignite a candle of hope that you can study Physics and secure good marks in it. Success will come your way. You just need to conquer your “Fear of Physics”, Physics will be conquered automatically. 

We hope the above tips help you. If you have any doubts or queries, feel free to comment below. We will answer them as soon as possible.

74 comments:

  1. Are additional exercise questions in ncert physics are also important for board exams they're very tough.....plz help

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. They are for the brilliant students. But CBSE hardly asks questions from them. If asked, then it will be for few marks. Undoubtedly they are tough.

      REGARDS

      Delete
    2. That's my fav. I like to solve them as it clear all the concepts after theory

      Delete
  2. Sir I feel very difficult in Dual nature, Atoms and nuclei, communication system and wave optics, How should i prepared for board exm although it is a peak tym.?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. But all above mentioned chapters are not only important for your board exam, they are also equally important for the competitive exams. You must prepare them well. You can prepare them through Xam idea. You can also read these chapters through notes.

      Regards

      Delete
  3. SIR
    Is NCERT important for ISC board too??
    as i want my board exam to be best first than any competitive exam.Plzz tell me should i prefer NCERT?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. NCERT is important if you are going to appear AIPMT or JEE after your board exam. But as you stated your concerns in your another comment so I would suggest you to go with what your school teachers have suggested to you. NCERT covers almost all important topics for class 12 hence it is widely followed in all board exams. Please consult your teacher to clear your doubts.

      Delete
  4. sir i want to score 90+in boards plz help me to achieve my target

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. To get 90 plus in the board exam only you can work harder. Revise learned chapters and then practice them by solving sample papers like Evergreen.

      Delete
  5. hello sir
    i read your advice to other student i am to nervous about my physics. actually i dont have tution facility nor coahing centers as i live in a rural industrial town. I feel so low and cofindentless with the preperation for board as i have self studied can u please advise me some tips for last moment scoring

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Never give up. Complete chapters like current and electricity, optics and Modern Physics first which are the most important ones for both board and competitive exams. Do not lose your hopes and solve sample papers regularly.

      Delete
  6. sir is it enough to solve all sets of previous 5 years question paper of physics. my another question is can sometime it happens that the question exactly match from the previous year question paper.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Solving previous year papers will surely help you but I cannot say it would be enough. Yes, some questions may match from previous year papers.

      Delete
  7. sir, I am weak in physics. I forgot physics even after reading it twice and I have no interest in physics and feel bored in reading this.i am preparing for AIPMT so I must score good marks in physics. I don't have any problem with chemistry and biology but physics.....!!! please help...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Always remember that you are not the only person experiencing it. For cracking AIPMT you must secure average marks in Physics too. Solve sample papers and focus more on modern physics, optics and electronics which are easier but important chapters for board and AIPMT.

      Delete
  8. Will I be able to score 90 above in physics if I go for ncert only

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Absolutely. You must concentrate only on NCERT books to secure over 90% in each subject in class 12 Board Exam may it be Physics or Chemistry or any other subject

      Delete
  9. hi sir,
    I unfortunately failed in my preboards. Ibe been struggling with physics. I havent covered ncert yet. I wanna know in chptrs like electrostats,magnetism,ac,optics,communication...would doing only ncert questions and theory be a guarantee to score 90+ or should refer to some other book also.
    Im left with only 2 months

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. First of all make a realistic target. Complete Modern Physics, Optics, Current and Electricity initially and then look for other chapters. you will get good marks in the board exams.

      Delete
  10. Sir, Is NCERT all enough for going through JEE main and advanced?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. NCERT is the best book for the preparation of JEE Main. For Advanced too, it is highly recommended.

      Delete
  11. Salutations to u sir,,,,1st of all thnx a lot to u sir for answering each queries.this were so helpfull that i was able to clear each and every doubt,but i would like to know that can i get good marks in physics having 1 and half months left as i had only gone lightly through the topics and think that really need a hard work after seeing my preboard result?????and if yes how???

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Still you have sufficient time for the board exam preparation. But, from today start following a strict time table. Prepare Modern Physics including Optics and current and electricity first which are very important. Solve previous five year questions and you will get desired result.

      Delete
  12. sir i have read all the chapters of physics ncert once...i have brought xamidea but it contains a lot of question...i am in total confusion to do revise from xamidea or not as i have to revise chem and maths also..plse guide me....

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Revise topics which are in the NCERT book and nothing else

      Delete
  13. IS IT MANDATORY TO ATTEMPT THE NCERT EXERCISE AS WELL AS ADDITIONAL EXCERSICE BECAUSE THEY ARE VERY HARD AND NOT ABLE TO UNDERSTAND

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Undoubtedly, they are difficult. But ensure that you solve enough numericals from sample papers based on NCERT. Questions are asked from Exercise, so don't ignore it. Additional exercises are not so important.

      Delete
  14. Sir the question that is dwindling in my mind is that while writing derivations will we write as it is given in ncert or we can follow the pattern that we read in side books because the derivations in ncert are very confusing and difficult to understand

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, you can follow sidebooks or even the notes of your teacher while writing derivations

      Delete
    2. Thanx a lot sir.I just had the fear that I would lose marks if I would not write it according to ncert

      Delete
  15. i am good in science and i am very interested in biology first and chemistry next.............
    as u have written in the above content, the students who are not enthusiastic with maths feel bored with physics,yes i am one of the students among them.

    So what to do better like how much time should i spend daily for physics to score better cut off marks for medicine

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. At least 2 hrs of regular study daily will surely help you getting better in Physics. Solve numericals after theory to clear concepts.

      Delete
  16. Sir plzz tell me how to study physics....u r saying to learn from ncert but the language in physics ncert is not so easy to understand unlike chemistry ncert which is easily understandable...what should i do?
    When u were in class 12th did u read every line of ncert and underline it??

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Akash, you raised a very valid point. You don't need to read NCERT Physics line by line. But while referring to sidebooks, ensure you are covering every topic of NCERT as they are very important for the board exam.

      Delete
    2. Ok sir....which side book would u prefer sl arora or pradeep

      Delete
    3. You can go for any of them

      Delete
  17. Dear sir,

    I'm preparing for my 12th boards. I want to know whether I should practice the questions given at the end of each chapter in the Physics NCERT book or not?

    Also, I need help how to write better answers. Most of the time, I know the answer but I get too confused while writing it down.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Some of those questions are often asked, so go through them at least one time. Try to write answers point wise to make them easy to read and avoid confusion. If you succeed in mentioning important points, you will get full marks.

      Delete
  18. sir how can i get passing marks in physics because this subject is so difficult for me.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Tushar, above article and comments should have solved your problem but if not then please read "How to Pass in Physics in CBSE Class 12 Board Exams", an article already published on Exams Hub. It will answer your queries and clear your doubts.

      Delete
  19. Sir,
    Suggest me,Among Arihant's chapterwise solutions(10-year) and Xam idea which is best for PCM (CBSE +2)

    ReplyDelete
  20. Sir....I am having a lot of problem in wave optics...it is really very confusing.. and secondly, are Oswaal question banks good for revision?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, Wave Optics is lengthy but important too. You are solving question bank which is good. Identify important questions which are asked frequently from this chapter and complete them first.

      Delete
  21. Sirr for my physic board examination only about one month is left and i am not sure about any topic i new many chapters but when i used to solve questions i always remain blanck and seems as know nothing?? Sir please give a tip show that i just only get about 50 marks in physic?? My parents have great hope for me

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. First of all, have a realistic target. Identify chapters in which you feel comfortable and prepare them well. Solve sample papers and previous 10 year question paper. Regular practice is key to success in Physics. Modern Physics including Optics and Semiconductor should be prepared well. Only by regular study, you can excel in Physics and at last study with interest.

      Delete
    2. Thank you sir but i am finding very difficulty in Ray opticss??? Can i leave itt?

      Delete
    3. Give it a try because it is an important chapter.

      Delete
  22. Hello Sir on 4th feb there is my board physic practical and i know nothinf about itt? I dont know how to take readings and all? Sir what should i do in these 2 Days

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. In practicals, others cannot suggest you. I will recommend you to learn the readings from your notebook because not much time is left. Also learn the procedure to take readings as it can be asked in viva.

      Delete
  23. Sir i am done with chapters dual nature, atoms, nuclei, communication systern. Half part of Ray and wave optics. I also had completed Em waves magnetisam and matter , half part of Electrostatic and current electricity i also hadd completed??? Sir now i am ready with physic or not to score 50 marks in board exam

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Semiconductor? It is also very important, carries 7 marks. Focus on revision and solve previous year papers. Your marks will depend only on your preparation.

      Delete
  24. Sir xam idea can cover all ncert and helpful in getting 90% in 12th with PCB

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. NCERT should be read carefully and you can take help of any sidebook.

      Delete
  25. Sir I Hav to give compart exams in physics.. suggest sum book or sum idea how to get at lest 25 marks.exam is in July

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Please read our another post "How to Pass in Physics in Class 12 board exam?" for the list of important topics. You can take help of any sidebook in addition to NCERT like Xam idea or others.

      Delete
  26. Sir numericals r my only weak point but I want to score above 80 what shld I do?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Practice hard. NCERT topics should be covered well. Try to solve at least 5 numericals of different types daily. Revise learned chapters and formulas regularly. You will do well.

      Delete
  27. Sir I'm finding physics difficult due to lack of grip in this subject . At present I'm having 6 months for developing my grip in physics if I will solve at least 10 questions on daily basis and focus only on NCERT stuff then it would be sufficient or I need some extra stuff or method also .. PLzz help

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, if you do that you will succeed. For understanding NCERT topics you can take help of reference books. But, don't read topics which are not in NCERT.

      Delete
    2. Thanks sir . 1 more question NCERT numericals are sufficient or I have to practice numerics from some other book also .

      Delete
    3. You will only get better by solving different variety of numericals. Don't leave NCERT numericals and in addition you can solve them from any other books, provided they are based on NCERT topics.

      Delete
  28. Hello sir,
    I want to know that which is the best way for derrivations in board exams. I am not understanding by which method i should do the derrivations Because there are several method of doing derrivations.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You can use any method with which you are comfortable with and you will get full marks for that.

      Delete
  29. sir is 4 hour for physics each chapter enough to get good marks
    thank u sir hats ff to u how answered all the quries

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It depends on how much you have read in those four hours. But, 4 hours daily to physics, is the ideal way to obtain good marks in it.

      Delete
  30. Sir I am facing difficulties in learning derivations.... How to start and how to move on to next step all these are problem for me..even after writing it I forget it.. Suggest a pattern so that I could learn derivations effectively...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. To have a complete command over derivations, you need to understand them first. Then, after learning it, practice it by writing repeatedly. Do it again and again till you feel confident and it will work. Regular revision is must to avoid forgetting them again.

      Delete
  31. Sir are you sure that additional exercise from ncert physics textbook will not come in 2017 physics exam??

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Additional exercise questions are not frequently asked in the board exams.

      Delete
  32. i have one more question sir
    is it sufficient to solve NCERT problems and previous year questions [2008-2016].plz reply

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If you want to get passing marks only, then it is sufficient. In addition to it, also read Modern Physics.

      Delete

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